This documentation covers OAuth 1.0, OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect Client support for Starlette. Because all the frameworks integrations share the same API, it is best to read Web OAuth Clients at first.
The difference between Starlette and Flask/Django integrations is Starlette
is async. We will use
await for the functions we need to call. But
first, let’s create an
from authlib.integrations.starlette_client import OAuth oauth = OAuth()
The common use case for OAuth is authentication, e.g. let your users log in with Twitter, GitHub, Google etc.
oauth.register is the same as Web OAuth Clients, please read
that documentation at first.
However, unlike Flask/Django, Starlette OAuth registry is using HTTPX
AsyncOAuth2Client as the client
backends. While Flask and Django are using the Requests version of
Starlette can load configuration from environment; Authlib implementation for Starlette client can use this configuration. Here is an example of how to do it:
from starlette.config import Config config = Config('.env') oauth = OAuth(config)
Authlib will load
client_secret from the configuration,
take google as an example:
It will load GOOGLE_CLIENT_ID and GOOGLE_CLIENT_SECRET from the environment.
With OAuth 1.0, we need to use a temporary credential to exchange for an access token. This temporary credential is created before redirecting to the provider (Twitter), and needs to be saved somewhere in order to use it later.
With OAuth 1, the Starlette client will save the request token in sessions. To
enable this, we need to add the
SessionMiddleware middleware to the
application, which requires the installation of the
from starlette.applications import Starlette from starlette.middleware.sessions import SessionMiddleware app = Starlette() app.add_middleware(SessionMiddleware, secret_key="some-random-string")
However, using the
SessionMiddleware will store the temporary credential as
a secure cookie which will expose your request token to the client.
Developers may not use starlette directly. For instance, FastAPI is based on starlette, we can also use the starlette integration in FastAPI.
Since Authlib starlette requires using
request instance, we need to
request to Authlib. According to the documentation on
Using the Request Directly:
from starlette.requests import Request @app.get("/login") def login_via_google(request: Request): redirect_uri = 'https://example.com/auth' return await oauth.google.authorize_redirect(request, redirect_uri) @app.get("/auth") def auth_via_google(request: Request): token = await oauth.google.authorize_access_token(request) user = await oauth.google.parse_id_token(request, token) return dict(user)
Find out our demo on how to use starlette integration at https://github.com/authlib/demo-oauth-client