This is the documentation of the development version, check the Stable Version documentation.

API References of Flask OAuth 1.0 Server

This part of the documentation covers the interface of Flask OAuth 1.0 Server.

class authlib.integrations.flask_oauth1.AuthorizationServer(app=None, query_client=None, token_generator=None)

Flask implementation of authlib.rfc5849.AuthorizationServer. Initialize it with Flask app instance, client model class and cache:

server = AuthorizationServer(app=app, query_client=query_client)
# or initialize lazily
server = AuthorizationServer()
server.init_app(app, query_client=query_client)
Parameters:
  • app – A Flask app instance
  • query_client – A function to get client by client_id. The client model class MUST implement the methods described by ClientMixin.
  • token_generator – A function to generate token
create_authorization_response(request=None, grant_user=None)

Validate authorization request and create authorization response. Assume the endpoint for authorization request is https://photos.example.net/authorize, the client redirects Jane’s user-agent to the server’s Resource Owner Authorization endpoint to obtain Jane’s approval for accessing her private photos:

https://photos.example.net/authorize?oauth_token=hh5s93j4hdidpola

The server requests Jane to sign in using her username and password and if successful, asks her to approve granting ‘printer.example.com’ access to her private photos. Jane approves the request and her user-agent is redirected to the callback URI provided by the client in the previous request (line breaks are for display purposes only):

http://printer.example.com/ready?
oauth_token=hh5s93j4hdidpola&oauth_verifier=hfdp7dh39dks9884
Parameters:
  • request – OAuth1Request instance.
  • grant_user – if granted, pass the grant user, otherwise None.
Returns:

(status_code, body, headers)

create_authorization_verifier(request)

Create and bind oauth_verifier to temporary credential. It could be re-implemented in this way:

def create_authorization_verifier(self, request):
    verifier = generate_token(36)

    temporary_credential = request.credential
    user_id = request.user.id

    temporary_credential.user_id = user_id
    temporary_credential.oauth_verifier = verifier
    # if the credential has a save method
    temporary_credential.save()

    # remember to return the verifier
    return verifier
Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance
Returns:A string of oauth_verifier
create_temporary_credential(request)

Generate and save a temporary credential into database or cache. A temporary credential is used for exchanging token credential. This method should be re-implemented:

def create_temporary_credential(self, request):
    oauth_token = generate_token(36)
    oauth_token_secret = generate_token(48)
    temporary_credential = TemporaryCredential(
        oauth_token=oauth_token,
        oauth_token_secret=oauth_token_secret,
        client_id=request.client_id,
        redirect_uri=request.redirect_uri,
    )
    # if the credential has a save method
    temporary_credential.save()
    return temporary_credential
Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance
Returns:TemporaryCredential instance
create_temporary_credentials_response(request=None)

Validate temporary credentials token request and create response for temporary credentials token. Assume the endpoint of temporary credentials request is https://photos.example.net/initiate:

POST /initiate HTTP/1.1
Host: photos.example.net
Authorization: OAuth realm="Photos",
    oauth_consumer_key="dpf43f3p2l4k3l03",
    oauth_signature_method="HMAC-SHA1",
    oauth_timestamp="137131200",
    oauth_nonce="wIjqoS",
    oauth_callback="http%3A%2F%2Fprinter.example.com%2Fready",
    oauth_signature="74KNZJeDHnMBp0EMJ9ZHt%2FXKycU%3D"

The server validates the request and replies with a set of temporary credentials in the body of the HTTP response:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

oauth_token=hh5s93j4hdidpola&oauth_token_secret=hdhd0244k9j7ao03&
oauth_callback_confirmed=true
Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance.
Returns:(status_code, body, headers)
create_token_credential(request)

Create and save token credential into database. This method would be re-implemented like this:

def create_token_credential(self, request):
    oauth_token = generate_token(36)
    oauth_token_secret = generate_token(48)
    temporary_credential = request.credential

    token_credential = TokenCredential(
        oauth_token=oauth_token,
        oauth_token_secret=oauth_token_secret,
        client_id=temporary_credential.get_client_id(),
        user_id=temporary_credential.get_user_id()
    )
    # if the credential has a save method
    token_credential.save()
    return token_credential
Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance
Returns:TokenCredential instance
create_token_response(request=None)

Validate token request and create token response. Assuming the endpoint of token request is https://photos.example.net/token, the callback request informs the client that Jane completed the authorization process. The client then requests a set of token credentials using its temporary credentials (over a secure Transport Layer Security (TLS) channel):

POST /token HTTP/1.1
Host: photos.example.net
Authorization: OAuth realm="Photos",
    oauth_consumer_key="dpf43f3p2l4k3l03",
    oauth_token="hh5s93j4hdidpola",
    oauth_signature_method="HMAC-SHA1",
    oauth_timestamp="137131201",
    oauth_nonce="walatlh",
    oauth_verifier="hfdp7dh39dks9884",
    oauth_signature="gKgrFCywp7rO0OXSjdot%2FIHF7IU%3D"

The server validates the request and replies with a set of token credentials in the body of the HTTP response:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

oauth_token=nnch734d00sl2jdk&oauth_token_secret=pfkkdhi9sl3r4s00
Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance.
Returns:(status_code, body, headers)
delete_temporary_credential(request)

Delete temporary credential from database or cache. For instance, if temporary credential is saved in cache:

def delete_temporary_credential(self, request):
    key = 'a-key-prefix:{}'.format(request.token)
    cache.delete(key)
Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance
exists_nonce(nonce, request)

The nonce value MUST be unique across all requests with the same timestamp, client credentials, and token combinations.

Parameters:
  • nonce – A string value of oauth_nonce
  • request – OAuth1Request instance
Returns:

Boolean

get_client_by_id(client_id)

Get client instance with the given client_id.

Parameters:client_id – A string of client_id
Returns:Client instance
get_temporary_credential(request)

Get the temporary credential from database or cache. A temporary credential should share the same methods as described in models of TemporaryCredentialMixin:

def get_temporary_credential(self, request):
    key = 'a-key-prefix:{}'.format(request.token)
    data = cache.get(key)
    # TemporaryCredential shares methods from TemporaryCredentialMixin
    return TemporaryCredential(data)
Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance
Returns:TemporaryCredential instance
class authlib.integrations.flask_oauth1.ResourceProtector(app=None, query_client=None, query_token=None, exists_nonce=None)

A protecting method for resource servers. Initialize a resource protector with the these method:

  1. query_client
  2. query_token,
  3. exists_nonce

Usually, a query_client method would look like (if using SQLAlchemy):

def query_client(client_id):
    return Client.query.filter_by(client_id=client_id).first()

A query_token method accept two parameters, client_id and oauth_token:

def query_token(client_id, oauth_token):
    return Token.query.filter_by(client_id=client_id, oauth_token=oauth_token).first()

And for exists_nonce, if using cache, we have a built-in hook to create this method:

from authlib.integrations.flask_oauth1 import create_exists_nonce_func

exists_nonce = create_exists_nonce_func(cache)

Then initialize the resource protector with those methods:

require_oauth = ResourceProtector(
    app, query_client=query_client,
    query_token=query_token, exists_nonce=exists_nonce,
)
get_client_by_id(client_id)

Get client instance with the given client_id.

Parameters:client_id – A string of client_id
Returns:Client instance
get_token_credential(request)

Fetch the token credential from data store like a database, framework should implement this function.

Parameters:request – OAuth1Request instance
Returns:Token model instance
exists_nonce(nonce, request)

The nonce value MUST be unique across all requests with the same timestamp, client credentials, and token combinations.

Parameters:
  • nonce – A string value of oauth_nonce
  • request – OAuth1Request instance
Returns:

Boolean

authlib.integrations.flask_oauth1.current_credential

Routes protected by ResourceProtector can access current credential with this variable.

SQLAlchemy Help Functions

Warning

We will drop sqla_oauth2 module in version 1.0.